What Happens When we Sleep and Dream?

Why do we dream?

Dreaming permits each and every one of us to be quietly and safely insane every night of our lives”    Dr. William C. Dementdream

A lot of research has gone into the nature of sleep and dreams. In this article, I’ll talk about the results of some of that research. We’ll look at some of the benefits of good healthy sleep. And we’ll also address the question of why we dream.

During sleep, a number of things happen. For one, certain hormones are released that rejuvenate our bodies. Other changes take place that assist in cleansing toxins and help us process memory. There’s even a process that helps improve our mood.

To Dream or not to Dream

We mainly dream in REM sleep but can dream in other stages of sleep as well. However, dreams in REM sleep are usually more bizarre, emotional, and tend to last longer than non-REM dreams. Also, we become ‘paralyzed’ in REM sleep. This is so we don’t act out our dreams. Although, interestingly enough, we aren’t paralyzed while we dream in other stages. Additionally, women’s dreams are more focused on smell and taste; whereas men’s dreams are more sound and pain oriented.

And yes, blind people do dream. But, if they were either born blind or were blind before age 4-5, there aren’t any images in their dreams. However, those who became blind after that age do see images.

Also, we’re generally not aware that we’re dreaming when in fact, we are. However, there are times of lucid dreaming when we do become aware we’re dreaming. In lucid dreaming, we can actually manipulate our dream. In fact, some people can do this and get amazing results.

The Lucid Dream

For instance, I was talking to a guy awhile ago, and he was telling me about another guy who was able to manipulate his dreams. He was a skateboarder. He’d go into his dream and practice a skateboarding trick over and over. When he got up the next day, he’d go out and try that trick, and do it like he had actually been practicing it.

But is dream manipulation always a good thing? Or should I say, is there a reason we generally aren’t aware we’re dreaming and have no control over them? We know that dreaming is part of memory consolidation.  So then, should we just let the dream play out and do whatever it’s supposed to? Or can we gain something by manipulating it? Which makes me wonder, do we mess with, or alter memories in some way by manipulating our dream?

With that in mind, let’s take a look at some of the benefits of sleep and dreams.

Dream and Mood Regulation

In 1960, William C. Dement, MD, Ph.D., did an interesting study on REM sleep deprivation. Test subjects were awakened right as they entered REM sleep, thus depriving them of dreams. The result?

‘Dr. Dement observed increased tension, anxiety and irritability among his subjects along with difficulty concentrating, an increase in appetite with consequent weight gain, lack of motor coordination, feelings of emptiness and depersonalization and hallucinatory tendencies.’ https://sleepfoundation.org/sleep-news/your-dreams/page/0/1

In addition to this, there’s strong evidence that shows dreaming increases our mood. That’s why you actually do feel better the next day. Although, if your mood is really low, it might take more than one night to get you out of it. Interestingly, if you go to sleep in a fairly good mood to begin with, you generally don’t wake up feeling better yet. (wouldn’t that be nice!)

Also, nightmares decrease with age. And coping skill increase with age. So it seems that there’s even a connection between nightmares and the ability to cope with life situations.

Interestingly, people who suffer from Depression have more REM sleep and less slow wave sleep. It looks like their minds are spending extra time trying to boost their mood. The downside to this is that they get less slow wave sleep. And again, that’s the stage where hormones are released that rejuvenate and refresh our bodies.

Therefore, it does appear that dreaming plays a roll in regulating our emotions.

Sleep and Memory Consolidation

For most of us, we have a tendency to be forgetful. In fact, we tend to forget things quite rapidly within the first couple hours after learning a new thing. However, if we fall asleep immediately after learning, we’re able to remember more of it. So then, ‘sleeping on it’ is a good thing.

Furthermore, I once read a report that showed how memory is processed while we sleep. In this study, the same exam was given to two groups of people with similar I.Q.’s. The one group studied, slept, and then took the exam. The other group slept, then studied and took the exam. Interestingly, the group that studied then slept scored higher than the group that slept, then studied.

Not only do we process memory in our sleep, we are also capable of solving problems while we dream. Additionally, studies have shown that with problem-solving, more complex problems were solved better after sleep. With simple problems, there was no significant difference between the sleep and the no-sleep group. Many discoveries and inventions have come to people in a dream.

But something else quite interesting also happens while you snooze. Check it out.

A Cleansing Sleep

Did you know that sleep flushes out your brain? Brain scans on mice have shown something quite intriguing. When these mice fell asleep, the cells in their brains moved apart! This, of course, created more space between them. The result was that fluid between the cells was able to flow faster while asleep.

What happens is this. Toxic substances build up in the fluid surrounding the cells in your brain. Specifically, research has found that clumps of a protein called Beta Amyloid build up in your brain. Eventually, this substance blocks nerve signal transmission, which leads to Alzheimer’s. This chemical can build up while we’re awake but flushes out as we sleep. So a good nights sleep can also reduce your chances of getting this disorder as well.

It’s like your brain has a valve that opens while you’re asleep, and closes while you’re awake. Which leads to the question of ‘why doesn’t it just stay open all the time? One theory is that it simply takes too much energy flush the brain while it’s also processing the world around it. Or maybe similar to trying to run a program on your computer while you’re rebooting it.

Conclusion

In this article, we’ve seen some of the benefits of good quality sleep. How it not only helps us process memory, and even make new discoveries. But it also helps clean our brains out so that we can stay more healthy.

And although sleep and dream research has answered many questions, it also created many more. Clearly, more research needs to be done. However, the future sounds exciting!

Till next time…Blessings.

 

 

 

These Medications Will Disturb Your Sleep

In my last article, I talked about insomnia and some of the diseases that Medicationscan cause this debilitating disorder. This time, I’ll address some of the medications prescribed for various diseases that can also disrupt your sleep. I won’t be providing any alternative forms of treatment here as the focus is on medicines that cause sleep disruptions.

But first, let’s briefly talk about sleep itself.

What causes us to Sleep?

How does sleep ‘work’?  What causes you to fall asleep? And what wakes causes you up?

One way to look at it is that you gain a sleep debt while awake. When you’re awake, you accumulate a sleep debt. As this debt rises, the need to sleep becomes stronger. Eventually the need to sleep becomes stronger than the need to stay awake. At that point, you fall asleep.

Then as you sleep, you ‘pay off’ this sleep debt. As this debt gets paid off, the need to sleep naturally becomes weaker. Finally, it gets to the point where the need to sleep becomes less than the need to stay awake; and you wake up.

What’s the Reason for Sleep?

Sleep isn’t just a time to ‘stop and rest’. A lot of things happen while you snooze. As a matter of fact, different stages of sleep provide both physical and mental benefits. For instance, memories are processed in REM sleep. While slow wave sleep produces certain hormones that aid in growth and restoration of your body. Our bodies are created to self-heal. And part of that healing process involves quality sleep.

So then, ideal sleep is necessary for your health and well being. Therefore, poor quality sleep isn’t good. Thus, if you have a disease that’s disrupting your sleep, and you’re taking medications that further disturb that sleep, you’re kinda fighting against the healing process.

With that in mind, let’s take a look at some of the more common medications and how they disrupt your sleep pattern.

Allergies

Many medications for allergies cause drowsiness; however, there are some that don’t. Benadryl (diphenhydramine ) is a common over the counter medication that does cause drowsiness.

Anxiety

In addition to causing drowsiness, some of the medications prescribed for anxiety- also impair performance, such as driving. However, there isn’t solid evidence these impairments continue with long term use. Some of the more common medications are Xanax (alprazolam ), Klonopin ( clonazapam ), and Valium (diazapam ).

Depression

If you struggle with depression, you also have sleep disturbances. You’re most likely fighting sleep when you should be awake, and yet finding it hard to stay asleep. Additionally, the very medications you are prescribed can cause further sleep disruptions.

Additionally, drugs like Nardil ( phenelzine ), and Marplan ( isocarboxazid) can greatly reduce REM sleep. Keep in mind that REM sleep is where memory is processed; kind of ‘brought together’.

Epilepsy

Drowsiness is more common with the older antiepileptic medications; less so with the newer ones. Also, cognitive impairment is more common with Luminal (phenobarbital ) than with other medications.

Heart Medications

Some medications for your heart can cause tiredness and fatigue. Other side-effects can include vivid dreams, nightmares, depression, and mental confusion. In some studies, medications such as Inderal (propranolol), Lopressor (metoprolol), showed an increase in wake time.

Additionally, most medications prescribed for your heart decrease REM sleep.

Mental Illness

People with Schizophrenia usually suffer from insomnia and other sleep disturbances. While most medications prescribed for this disorder cause drowsiness. Although, the older drugs, such as Haldol ( haloperidal ), Mellaril (thioridiazine ), and Thorazine ( chlorpromazine ), are more sedating than the newer drugs.

Parkinson’s

Daytime sleepiness, along with trouble sleeping at night are some of the characteristics of this disorder. some of this is due to abnormal movements during sleep cause numerous awakenings.

The main drug used to treat Parkinson’s is Sinemet( levodopa/carbidopa ). Ironically, some of the more common side effects of this drug include unusual and uncontrollable body movements.

Pain medications

Pain is kind of a double edged sword. On the one hand, it disturbs sleep. On the other hand, lack of sleep can increase pain. And while pain medication can cause drowsiness, many of the diseases that cause pain also cause sleep problems.

Narcotics such as Vicodin and Morphine can cause you to breathe more slowly, which can lead to  central sleep apnea which can cause your oxygen levels to drop; sometimes to dangerous levels.

Conclusion

Some disorders cause sleep disturbances. However, sometimes the very medications you take for a disorder further complicate things by causing even more disruptions to your sleep. And because good quality sleep is essential to your health, this can be a bit of a problem.

Therefore some medications themselves become a double edged sword. Helping the disorder, while hindering the sleep you so desperately need. Hopefully, further research will solve this dilemma.

Till next time…Blessings.

 

 

How to Beat Those Insomnia Blues

In this article, we’ll take a look at insomnia. What it is and what causes it; as well as what it can cause. We’ll also explore some treatment options.Insomnia

You’ve had a sleep study, but they say you don’t have sleep apnea. And yet, you’re still not sleeping. Laying in bed, the thought keeps rolling over in your head “What’s wrong with me?”

What is Insomnia?

Simply put, insomnia is defined as difficulty falling asleep and remaining asleep. It also includes some form of impairment during the day. And even though it’s the most common sleep disorder, insomnia is also the most underdiagnosed, and undertreated. Actually, according to some statistics, approximately 10% of the general population suffers from chronic insomnia, while 30% do so occasionally.

Actually, according to some statistics, approximately 10% of the general population suffers from chronic insomnia, while 30% do so occasionally. Additionally, there are different degrees of insomnia, from mild to moderate to severe. It can also briefly appear from time to time, or come and stay awhile.

But just what causes insomnia? Let’s take a look.

Risk factors

The typical person with insomnia is an elderly white female. There’s also some evidence that it might run in your family.

Some other factors include:

  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Depression
  • Medications
  • Menopause
  • Restless Legs Syndrome

Although the #1 cause of insomnia is long term Stress.

However, the most common disorders associated with insomnia are anxiety and depression.

Furthermore, if you have insomnia, you’re more likely to be involved in a fatal car accident . You’re also more likely to miss work. And when you are working, you’ll tend to make more mistakes.

In addition to this, insomnia itself is a risk factor for other diseases. Which in itself can make it difficult to properly diagnose.

Let’s look more closely at that.

Diagnosis

Insomnia can be difficult to properly diagnose. This is because it’s hard to determine if it’s a symptom of another disorder or a disorder all by itself. It’s important to find out what caused what so that proper treatment can be made.

For instance, depression can cause insomnia. However, insomnia can also cause depression. But which came first? If insomnia caused the depression, then treating the depression won’t entirely solve the problem.

Another reason for its difficulty involves something known as sleep state misperception. In other words, you can be in a very light stage of sleep, and feel as though you were lying awake the whole time.

Also, there are beliefs about sleep. In reality, some people need more sleep, some need less. The average is around 8 hours. So, if you believe you need 8 hours, but really only need 7, you could lay awake for an hour wondering why you can’t sleep.

Moreover, a diagnosis is made based mainly on what the patient describes, and includes reports of:

  • Attention, concentration and/or memory problems
  • Daytime Sleepiness
  • Difficulty with social interaction
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Poor school performance
  • Tension headaches

Your Doctor will make a diagnosis based on your sleep patterns. Also the use of some sleep questionnaires. Such as something called an  Epworth Sleepiness Scale

A sleep study could also be ordered if the cause of your insomnia is unclear. Additionally, your Doctor might order some blood work, if (s)he suspects some other medical condition that might be the underlying cause. Such as thyroid disease or iron deficiency anemia.

Once a diagnosis has been made, it’s time to look at some treatment options. We’ll start with changing the way you think and act.

Self Perpetuating Insomnia

Insomnia can be started by something that causes you concern. but continue long after the initial problem is solved. Here’s how.

Some life event causes some concern. In fact, you lay awake in bed worrying about this. Your concern is now making it difficult to fall asleep. After awhile, the initial cause of worry is taken care of. However, you’ve now been in a pattern of not being able to sleep so long that you now have concerns about your inability to sleep.

So now your worry about not being able to fall asleep is causing difficulty falling asleep. And so the cycle continues, long after the initial event that caused it. To further complicate this, now your lack of sleep can lead to depression.

Next, we’ll take a look at some treatment options.

Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Insomnia responds better to behavioral changes then to the use of medicine. However, a combination of treatments can be even more effective. Let’s start with something called Cognitive Behavior Therapy or CBT. This basically involves changing the way you think and behave. There are different forms of CBT, depending on your specific needs. These include:

  • Biofeedback
  • Improve your sleep space- This includes not having a tv, clock, or other electronic devices in your sleep area.
  • Mindfulness meditation
  • Relaxation training
  • Remaining passively awake-Simply try not to fall asleep It’s basically letting go of the worry that you can’t sleep. As mentioned earlier, it can sometimes be the worry of not being able to sleep that keeps you awake. Let go of that worry.
  • Sleep hygiene-Establishing good sleep habits
  • Sleep restriction-You builds up a ‘sleep debt’ while awake. When that ‘debt’ reaches a certain point, your brain tells you it’s time to go to sleep. However, any nap will ‘pay off’ some of that debt, leaving you more awake at bed time.

Also, keep in mind that body position is really important. For example, laying on your back is actually the best sleep position. This is because it properly aligns your spine and neck. As well as puts the least amount of strain on your body. Again, and I can’t stress this enough, there really should be no t.v. or other electronic devices in your bed room. And if noise is a factor, the use of a fan or other white noise machine can be helpful.

Next, we’ll take a look at some of the more common medications your Doctor might prescribe.

Medications

conventional

The 3 main medications are:

  • Allergies make it hard to breathe, which can be at least some of the cause of your insomnia. So if you have allergies, your Doctor might prescribe something like Diphenhydramine (Benadryl), or an over the counter med such as Doxylamine (Unisom).
  • Sedatives-Zolpidem (Ambien). Temazepam Lorazepam (Ativan)
  • Antidepressants-Trazadone. Mirtazapine (Remeron)

Alternative

There are some herbal supplements that have shown positive results. They include Melatonin, Valerian Root, and Chamomile.

And while medicine just relieves your symptoms, Cognitive Behavior Therapy will actually get at the cause of your sleeplessness. However, it will take time and effort on your part to get results.

As you can see, there are many good treatment options available. Talk with your Doctor, as you probably would benefit most from using a combination of treatments together.

Conclusion

We’ve looked at insomnia, and discovered some of the reasons it can be hard to properly diagnose. If you suffer from insomnia, I hope this article helps you understand it a little better. Also, if you know anyone suffering from this debilitating disorder, please share this article with them.

Till next time…Blessings.

 

and

The Things That I do put Most People to Sleep

I just want to let my hair down (LOL, I don’t have that much!), and share some things on a more personal level. But I’ll also not sugar coat anything about the reality of sleep apnea. So, yeah, this’s a friendly chat; but friends don’t let friends die before their time. (I know, I have to ruin everything don’t I?)

I Have Sleep Super Powers

As I sit down at the controls I take a look at my monitors. Both screens show nice crisp signals, so I ease Sleepback a bit and keep an eye on things; waiting for my patients to fall asleep, and some real activity to begin. How’s that for being different? It’s not until my patients are asleep that things really start to happen.

Yet, a sense of peace comes over me as I watch the monitors, and everything gets kinda surreal, like I’m in another world; or on another planet.

Sitting here, I began to think back on things; and take some amusement in the fact that, among my many talents, I’m a CPAP Ninja!  That’s right! I have the ability to go into my patient’s room and start them on CPAP without rousing them!

Some will wake in the morning wondering when I came in and put the mask on. But actually, it’s not that I’m really that good, these patients are just that sleep deprived.

Common comments I get are, “It must be pretty boring watching people sleep”; and, “How do you stay awake all night?”

Those remarks used to really bother me, because, here I am literally saving people’s lives, and all I get is ‘it must be so boring, how can you stay awake?’ And yet, it just shows me how little people understand about what happens, or doesn’t happen but should, while they sleep.

Then I find myself going back in time and recalling all the patients  I’ve helped; and the knowledge that, yes, I really am actually saving people’s lives.

That’s a Dumb Question!

One guy comes to mind. I have my patients fill out some paperwork before the study starts. I’m in the control room, which is right outside the patient’s rooms, when this guy calls out, “What kind of question is this?” I went to his door and asked: “What do you mean?”

“This question”, he says, ” ‘Has today been unusual in any respect?’ Really,” he said looking up at me a bit sarcastically,  “I’m having a !@#$ sleep study, and you’re wondering if today’s been different in any way?”

I’m not sure if he’s serious or just joking, so I simply respond with “I guess the question should be reworded to read, ‘Up until now, has the day been unusual in any respect?”

Just the Facts Ma’am

The patients that have sleep studies come from all walks of life, and all ages. From infants, all the way to those towards the end of their lives. However, the ‘average’ patient is an obese middle aged male.

And yes, sleep apnea can run in families. This is because you inherit the physical characteristics that make sleep apnea more likely; such as a short thick neck; and being overweight. Among other characteristics.

Also, it’s estimated that 1 out of 5 Americans have mild sleep apnea. Although, by the time people are seen in the sleep lab, those numbers are significantly higher. For example, the average number of people placed on treatment during a sleep study is 50%-75% or more. Additionally, as many as 80% of people with sleep apnea remain undiagnosed.

However, this disorder is more common in men than women; or is it? Check out my article that addresses this:

http://sleepguyblog.com/bias-diagnosis-sleep-disorders-women/

Sleep Well and Prosper

So many people think that treating sleep disorders is only about sleeping better. I hear people say they don’t even know why they’re at the sleep lab because they don’t have any problem sleeping.

For example, I have patient’s, come to the lab and do their version of sleep. Many times, these same people tell me they sleep just fine and don’t know why they’re here.

And yet that same person might have high blood pressure, or other heart issues, or be diabetic. When I explain how their heart condition or diabetes might just be caused by sleep apnea they start thinking. Unless, of course, they’re in denial; and there’s a lot of that out there.

Maybe they really believe they’re sleeping well. Maybe they know something’s wrong, but just don’t want to see a Doctor. Seems that most people seen in the sleep lab are there because someone else noticed a problem.

Usually, it’s a spouse or significant other that has the complaint. That’s because they’re the ones kept awake by loud snoring, or ‘all that thrashing about’ during the night. Many couples no longer sleep in the same bed, or even the same room for this very reason!

Then, there are patients who hope that sleep apnea is the problem, and CPAP is the answer. However, they don’t ‘qualify’ for treatment. Then, when I get them up in the morning, and they realize they don’t have the mask on, they quietly go about finishing the morning paperwork; leaving the lab in silence.

I feel sorry for those people really; here’s one more thing that isn’t their problem. It’s unfortunate because not knowing can be worse than knowing. I guess I can’t be Superman to everyone.

 Closing Thoughts on Sleep

So what do you think? Because although more and more people are hearing about sleep apnea, there’s still much work to be done in the way of educating the general population about this outright deadly, but easily treatable, disorder.

Please don’t let denial kill you or someone you love.

Therefore, carefully consider your life or that of the one you love; and if you have any questions or concerns, leave a comment. Who knows, you might just share something that could help someone else.

I’ll also do my best to answer any questions, and/or respond to your comments. Thank you.

Till next time…Blessings.

Can Poor Quality Sleep Really Cause Every Disease?

In this article, we’ll take a look at a different aspect of sleep and stress. I’ll show you how stress causes inflammation, and inflammation can ultimately cause many, if not all diseases.

Balance is the key

First of all, too much sleep is just as deadly, as too little sleep. This is because either state puts stress on your body. So then, balance is the key, and therefore, balance equals health.

Look at it this way. Our bodies are balanced when things that should be working are working. However, when things that should work, aren’t working; or, when things that shouldn’t be working are working, an imbalance is created.  And sooner or later, disease will set in.

By the way, if you’re thinking I’m exaggerating by saying too little or too much sleep is deadly, I’m not. With that in mind, let’s take a closer look at stress and inflammation as they relate to sleep.

 Inflammation and Sleep

Poor quality sleep causes stress And stress causes a whole series of events to take place. However, we’re going to focus on a little guy called cortisol.

Cortisol regulates your immune system. Too much or too little over a period of time can cause frequent infections, autoimmune diseases, allergies, and chronic inflammation.

So even though Cortisol initially works to reduce inflammation, it eventually sets in motion a process that leads to chronic inflammation. And while inflammation is a part of wound healing, it can eventually cause disease, including cancer.

Also, reducing inflammation leads to suppression of the immune system, exposing us to disease. Yet inflammation itself can also lead to disease! It does this by ‘hiding’ mutated cells so that they go undetected by your immune system.

Remember, it’s all about balance.

I think further clarification is necessary here. That is that inflammation and infection are two different things. An infection can cause inflammation. But inflammation can take place without an infection, which is the focus of this article.

Let’s take a look a closer look at this.

Inflammation and Diseases

When you get an injury, your body responds by making your blood vessels ‘leaky’. This allows certain blood cells to go to the infected area and to properly deal with the invading organism; resulting in redness, swelling and tenderness to the area. Once the invader’s  dealt with, swelling goes down, and things return to normal; or at least they should.

But what if they don’t? What if you’re constantly under stress?  We’ve already seen how inflammation can turn deadly. Therefore,  poor sleep causes stress, and chronic stress causes damaging inflammation, and chronic inflammation could be the cause of every disease. So then, poor quality sleep could be behind most, if not all diseases!

Or put another way. Balance equals health, and imbalance equals disease. Therefore, good quality sleep (balance) equals health; while poor quality sleep(imbalance) equals disease.

The following is a list of some of the diseases caused by inflammation:

1-Allergic diseases, like Asthma, Eczema.

2-Neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s, Dementia, and Parkinson’s.

3-Heart disease.

4-Chronic Inflammation is also a critical component of tumor growth. Although it takes inflammation 20-30 years to produce cancer. Cancer’s also a risk factor for heart disease.

sleep and inflammation

 

 

 

 

In addition to all this, inflammation even causes us to age faster!

So then, if it’s all about balance, what’s the best way to cure disease?

Treat the Cause, not the Symptoms

Guess what? Good quality sleep is an excellent treatment for inflammation.

Again, if disease is caused by imbalance, then restoring balance should restore health. But modern medicine deals with symptoms, not the cause itself. Therefore, by getting to the cause of the disease, many, if not all, diseases could possibly be cured without medicine. Or, are there man made drugs that do restore balance?

Allow me to rant a bit here. And I speak only for myself. But I wonder if entities that stand to make a lot of money selling drugs for diseases are censoring information that prove natural forms of treatment are more effective than modern medicine?

In either case, here’s a list of foods that affect inflammation.

Foods that promote inflammation

Pasteurized dairy products, red meat, refined carbohydrates, sugar.

Foods that reduce inflammation

1-Fiber, Fruits, and Vegetables.

2-Garlic is good because it has a high sulfur content, and sulfur inhibits inflammation.

3-Herbal teas, including green tea which has mild anti-inflammatory properties.

In addition to this acupuncture can effectively treat stress. And studies also show that moderate physical activity does reduce inflammation as well.

Conclusion

We saw how poor sleep causes stress,  stress causes inflammation, and inflammation causes disease. Now if inflammation is the cause of all disease, including premature aging, then a good night’s sleep can keep you healthier. Remember, it’s all about balance. Too much or too little of a good thing becomes a bad thing.

Therefore if inflammation is the common denominator of all diseases, including aging And if inflammation is an imbalance, then restoring balance, not medicine, is the key to curing disease.

And one of the ways to restore balance is to get good quality sleep.

So, what do you think are some good ways to restore balance? Or do you think it’s more involved than that? And can modern medicine really restore balance?

Please leave a comment. I’d really like to hear your thoughts on this.

Any feedback from you will help to improve this blog.

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Till next time…Blessings.